X hits on this document

181 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

6 / 69

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

STUDENT GUIDE

3

HWA 1-5 Reading Requirement

Paradigms - Classifications - Perspectives - Theories - Assumptions - Philosophies Comparison Table

Paradigm

Classification

Perspective / Theory

Theorists

Paradigm Elements

Assumptions

Ideal Types

Order

Positive Sociological Theories

". . . whose authors consider, or actually treat sociology as a natural science."

(Wagner, 1974, p. 42)

Structure-Functionalism

Durkheim

Image of human nature

Reason, self-interest, personal inequality

Hobbes's state of nature

Image of society

Cohesion, integration, consensus, self-correcting, social inequality

Plato's Republic

Image of science

Systematic, positive, empirical, quantitative, predictive

Comte's positivism, Durkheim's functionalism

Pluralist

Interpretative Sociology

". . . whose authors consider, or actually treat, sociology as a social science in contradistinction to the natural sciences."

(Wagner, 1974, p. 42)

Interpretative Sociology of Action and Interaction

Symbolic-Interaction Theory

Weber

Cooley

Image of human nature

Intentional, active, voluntary, rational

Kant's consciousness

Image of society

Antagonistic, cooperative, state of mind, shared meanings, constructed from the inside out

Rousseau's social contract

Image of science

Philosophical idealism, unpredictability of human action, "getting inside," qualitative

Weber's verstehen (interpretative understanding)

Conflict

Non-Scientific or Evaluative Social Theories

". . . whose authors neither consider or actually treat sociology as a positive or interpretative science."

(Wagner, 1974, p. 42)

Conflict Theory

Marx

Image of human nature

Maker, cooperative, rational, perfectible

Hegel's Homo faber

Image of society

Past and present

Future

Interdependent structural whole, dynamic, changing

Inequality, coercion, struggle

Utopian, egalitarian

Proudhon's federation of communities

Image of science

Philosophical materialism, historical, holistic, dialectic, applied

Marx's historical materialism

Based on the combination of the following sources:

Perdue, William D. (1986). Sociological theory: Explanation, paradigm, and ideology. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield Publishing.

Wagner, Helmut R. (1974). "Types of sociological theory." Pp. 41-52 in Theories and paradigms in contemporary sociology, edited by R. Serge Denisoff, Orel Callahan, and Mark H. Levin. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers.

Copyright © 2005 Mount Vernon Nazarene University Adult and Graduate Studies

Document info
Document views181
Page views181
Page last viewedFri Dec 09 06:07:33 UTC 2016
Pages69
Paragraphs1620
Words21127

Comments