Preventing Chemical Accidents: Understanding MSDS’s & Assessing Chemical Hazards
Hazardous Chemicals Found in Industrial Facilities
Overexposure Health Effects
A corrosive, colorless gas with a strong odor.
It is used in refrigeration and in making fertilizer, plastics, dyes, textiles, detergents, and pesticides.
ACUTE: Skin irritation, burning eyes, causing temporary or permanent blindness, headaches, nausea, and vomiting. HIGH: Fluid in the lungs, which may lead to death. CHRONIC: Lung damage, bronchitis with coughing or shortness of breath.
A greenish-yellow gas with a strong, irritating odor.
It is used in making other chemicals, as a disinfectant, in bleaching, and for purifying water and sewage.
ACUTE: Severe eye and skin burns, throat irritation, tearing, coughing, nose bleeds, chest pain. HIGH: Permanent lung damage, fluid build-up in the lungs and death. CHRONIC: Tooth damage, bronchitis, coughing, and shortness of breath.
A colorless gas that is highly flammable, reactive, and explosive.
It is used to make antifreeze, polyesters, and detergents, and is used for industrial sterilization.
ACUTE: Irritation of the eyes, skin, nose, throat, and lungs, shortness of breath, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, weakness, and loss of muscle control. HIGH: Loss of consciousness, fluid in the lungs, and death. CHRONIC: May cause cancer and birth defects, damage to the liver, kidneys, and nervous system.
HYDROGEN CHLORIDE (HYDROCHLORIC ACID)
A corrosive, colorless to slightly yellow gas with a strong odor.
It is used in metal processing, analytical chemistry, and in making other chemicals.
ACUTE: severe burns of the skin and eyes, coughing, shortness of breath. HIGH: Fluid build-up in the lungs and possibly death. CHRONIC: Lung and tooth damage.