Preventing Chemical Accidents: Understanding MSDS’s & Assessing Chemical Hazards
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE (HYDROFLUORIC ACID)
A corrosive, colorless fuming liquid or gas with a strong irritating odor.
It is used in etching glass and in making other chemicals, including gasoline.
ACUTE: Severe skin and eye burns. HIGH: Extreme respiratory irritation (with cough, fever, chills, and tightness) that may be fatal. CHRONIC: liver and kidney damage, and fluorosis, (symptoms of weight loss, malaise, anemia, and osteosclerosis.
A colorless to pale yellow liquid with a strong fruity odor.
It is used to make polyurethane foams, elastomers, and coatings.
ACUTE: Skin and eye irritation and burns, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. HIGH: fluid in the lungs. CHRONIC: concentration and memory problems, and possibly cancer.
* Health hazard information sources include:
New Jersey Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets ()
National Library of Medicine Hazardous Substance Data Bank (toxnet.nlm.nih.gov)
Environmental Protection Agency Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets (www.epa.gov/enviro/html/emci/chemref/index.html)