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Section V: Staff Turnover

Program Turnover During calendar year 2007, the total number of regulated day care programs was relatively stable statewide. However, gains and losses varied by county and type of care (see Appendix G for the number of program openings and closings by type of child

care). While there was a net loss of providers closed than opened) in 2007,

404

family

there

was a

day net

care

homes (i.e.,

gain

of 590 group

404 more family day

care homes based on data extracted from the OCFS Child Care Facility database. This pattern was seen in counties across New York, including four of

System the five

New York City boroughs. Only a handful of small Herkimer, Montgomery, and Orleans) had significant family day care homes. Statewide, the numbers of

counties (Chautauqua, Franklin, gains in the percent of regulated day care centers and school-age

child care programs remained relatively stable during 2007.

The Early Care and Education Workforce Study The Early Care and Learning Council commissioned a survey18

of New York State’s

early care and education workforce (excluding day care centers in New York City) that was conducted by the Mills Consulting Group, Inc. from June to October 2008. The purpose of the survey was to obtain information on turnover rates and staff wages. A stratified random sampling strategy was used to ensure that the sizes of the provider/center samples within each county (and, when combined, regional office) reflected the sizes of the counties (and regional offices) within the state. Out of the total of 1,908 day care centers outside of New York City, 7,818 family day care providers statewide, and 5,724 group family day care providers statewide, a sample of 971 day care centers (50%), 1,583 family day care providers (20%), and 1,168 group family day care providers (20%) was invited to participate in the study. The final sample size of completed surveys that were included in the analysis was 372 day care centers (38% response rate), 659 family day care providers (42% response rate), and 336 group family day care providers (29% response rate).

The data from this survey is presented below in the sections on Staff Turnover Rates, Reasons for Turnover, and Income and Benefits.

Staff Turnover Rates by Type of Program

Day Care Centers Table 7 indicates average statewide day care center turnover rates by staff position. On average, day care centers report having 20 staff, with more than half of the staff in lower-wage teacher assistant and aide positions. Day care center professional staff positions have lower vacancy rates than teacher assistants and teacher aides. Similarly, average turnover rates (defined by the survey as the percentage of staff that had left their position during the past 12 months) for teacher assistants and aides are more than twice the average turnover rates for directors and assistant directors.

18

The Early Care and Education Workforce Study. 2008. Mills Consulting Group, Inc. 21

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