eligible families will apply for assistance.6 This percentage is the number of families who actually apply for subsidy divided by those who are potentially eligible, and is known as an “uptake rate.” After adjusting for 50% uptake, it is estimated that, statewide, 74% of children potentially eligible for child care subsidies actually receive child care subsidies under the CCBG (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Percent of potentially financially eligible children receiving child care subsidies under CCBG in NYS. Source: 2006 Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, and 10/2006-9/2007 OCFS subsidy data.
Not Receiving Subsidy, 26%
Receiving Subsidy, 74%
Table 1 (see below) breaks down, by grouped county areas7, the gap between the number of children in New York State who were potentially eligible for subsidy based on 2006 Census data (accounting for the 50% uptake rate) and the number of children who actually received subsidy funded under the CCBG during the FFY 2006-2007. In 10 of the 35 grouped county areas, the gap is less than 25% when adjusted for the 50% uptake rate. In three of these county groups, the number of potentially eligible children being served exceeds the 50% uptake rate. In only two of the 35 grouped county areas,
the gap exceeds 65%. between 25% and 64%.
And, in 23 of the 35 grouped county areas, the gap falls
It is important to note that some counties contribute local dollars beyond their local maintenance of effort level for the CCBG to help lower the subsidy gap, while others rely solely on the CCBG. As noted earlier, counties also have the option of using SSBG
under court supervision, in which case they are eligible for subsidized child care under 18 years of age or 19 years of age if they are also a full-time student in a secondary school or equivalent vocational or technical training.
5 6 Calculations are based on 2006 PUMS Census data and 10/2006-9/2007 OCFS subsidy data. Meyers, M.K., Heintze, T. 1999. The performance of the child-care subsidy system. Social Service Review. 73(1): 37-65.
7 All calculations for Table 1 are based on 2006 PUMS Census data and 10/2006-9/2007 OCFS CCBG subsidy data. PUMS data are based on county population size; and smaller counties are grouped together to form 35 population groups in New York State. Therefore, the percentages indicated in Table 1 are for the entire geographic area (all counties in the group), not just individual counties.