Other population and economic trends further suggest a continuing need for child care assistance for low income, working families. In New York State, the services industry is
the fastest growing job sector. Table 2 of Labor regarding job growth and
shows data from the New York State Department
and Other Services) has led job growth.
Data from other
services industry need help paying
is most likely to for child care. 10
states suggest need child care
that the but also
Table 2. Job growth in New York State (by sector, for a 12-month period). Source: New York State Department of Labor, Employment in New York State, October 2008.
Educational & Health Services
Leisure & Hospitality
Professional & Business Services
Trade, Transportation & Utilities
Natural Resources & Mining
Industries with Job Gains:
Industries with Job Losses:
In addition, changes attributable to the State’s shifting mix of ethnicities seem to increase the probability of a continuing demand for subsidized child care services on behalf of New York State’s age-eligible children. The sheer magnitude of international migration to New York, and meeting such groups’ likely economic needs, suggests a strong baseline of demand for child care services. In 2006, more than one in every five New York residents was born in another country, ranking New York State second in the nation in total immigrant population. Over the past twenty years, New York State's foreign-born population has almost doubled (up 47% since 1990, an increase of 1.3 million).11 According to the New York State Department of Labor, without the influx of new immigrants, the State’s population would have registered a small decline. 12
9Employment in New York State Newsletter, October 2008, http://www.labor.state.ny.us/workforceindustrydata/PDFs/enys1008.pdf.
10 Service industry employees often earn low wages. As a result, these employed parents are most likely to live in dual-income families (because two wages are needed to make ends meet) and/or to be eligible for child care subsidy. For a detailed analysis of child care usage and employment trends in another state with somewhat similar employment data, see The Child Care Industry: Supporting Jobs and Economic Development in Minneapolis. (http://government.cce.cornell.edu/doc/reports/childcare/matrixview.asp?ID=8)
11 Employment in New York State. New York State Department of Labor. February 2008. (http://www.labor.state.ny.us/workforceindustrydata/PDFs/enys0208.pdf)
12 Employment in New York State. New York State Department of Labor. February 2008. (http://www.labor.state.ny.us/workforceindustrydata/PDFs/enys0208.pdf)