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THE EMPIRE STATES

TURKEY

z WESTERNIZATION

  • ISLAM LOST OFFICIAL STATUS

  • ROMAN ALPHABET REPLACED ARABIC

  • ISLAMIC LAW REPLACED BY WESTERN

CODE

  • MONOGAMY BECAME LAW

  • WOMEN GAINED RIGHTS

  • TURKEY SEPARATED FROM ARAB WORLD

z KURDISH POPULATION

  • 14 MILLION- 1/5 OF TURKEY’S 67 MILLION

  • SOUTHEAST TURKEY (IRAQ) - 3,000 BP;

RECENTLY-ISTANBUL

  • ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM

TURKESTAN

Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Afghanistan

Page 10

TURKEY

z TURKISH OTTOMAN EMPIRE

  • NOMADIC PEOPLES FROM THE STEPPES AND FORESTS OF SIBERIA

  • 6TH CENTURY- ESTABLISHED AN EMPIRE STRETCHING FROM MONGOLIA TO THE BLACK SEA

  • SPREAD THE TURKIC LANGUAGE FAR AND WIDE

  • DECLINED IN EARLY 1900s

z MUSTAFA KEMAL (ATATURK)

  • FATHER OF MODERN TURKEY

  • MOVED CAPITAL FROM CONSTANTINOPLE TO ANKARA

  • WESTERNIZED TURKEY AND BROKE FREE FROM THE ARAB WORLD

TURKESTAN

z MOUNTAINS z DESERTS z OIL, COTTON z PASTORALISM z DIPLOMATIC

REALIGNMENT z ENVIRONMENTAL

PROBLEMS

ISRAEL

z ZIONISM

  • POLITICAL MOVEMENT

  • FOUNDED BY THEODOR HERZL (1897)

  • OBJECTIVE: SECURE A HOMELAND FOR THE

JEWISH PEOPLE z BALFOUR DECLARATION (1917)

  • SUPPORTS THE CONCEPT OF A JEWISH

HOMELAND z JEWISH IMMIGRATION TO PALESTINE

z 1922 – BRITISH MANDATE TO GOVERN PALESTINE

z RISING CONFLICT BETWEEN ARABS AND JEWS

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