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STRUGGLE FOR JERUSALEM

z HOLY TO JEWS, CHRISTIANS, AND MUSLIMS

z JUDAISM: CAPITAL OF JEWISH KINGDOM 3000 YEARS BP; FAITH TOOK FORM IN THE FIRST TEMPLE-DESTROYED BY BABYLONIANS IN 586 BC; REBUILT AS SECOND TEMPLE- DESTROYED BY ROMANS IN AD 70

z ISLAM: PROPHET MUHAMMAD ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN 7TH CENTURY AD

z CHRISTIANITY: BASED ON THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS CHRIST; CRUXIFICTION & ASCENT

INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST INCIDENTS - 1986

U.S. State Department

INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST INCIDENTS - 2000

U.S. State Department

Page 12

STRUGGLE FOR JERUSALEM

z 1947- UNITED NATIONS DID NOT INCLUDE JERUSALEM AS PART OF ISRAEL

z 1947- PALESTINE PARTITION RESOLUTION DESIGNATED JERUSALEM AS AN “OPEN CITY”

z 1948-49- WAR AND TRANSFER OF ISRAELI GOVERNMENT FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSALEM

z 1967- WAR AND AFTERMATH CHANGED BOUNDARIES AGAIN

z 1980- JERUSALEM REAFFIRMED AS THE CAPITAL OF ISRAEL

INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST INCIDENTS - 1993

U.S. State Department

RELIGIONS OF THE REALM

Judaism, religious culture of the Jews (also known as

the people of Israel); one of the world’s oldest continuing religious traditions. The terms Judaism and religion do not exist in pre-modern Hebrew. The Jews spoke of Torah, God’s revealed instruction to Israel, which mandated both a worldview and a way of life. Pre-modern Judaism, in all its historical forms, thus constituted (and traditional Judaism today constitutes) an integrated cultural system encompassing the totality of individual and communal existence. It is a system of sanctification in which all is to be subsumed under God’s rule—that is, under divinely revealed models of cosmic order and lawfulness. Christianity originated as one among several competing Jewish ideologies in 1st-century Palestine, and Islam drew in part on Jewish sources at the outset.

"Judaism."Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2001.

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