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REG DESERT

WATER - A RENEWABLE OR FINITE RESOURCE?

z Water is critical for life, food production, and industrial processes.

z 9 out of 14 Southwest Asian states face water-short conditions (the most concentrated region of scarcity in the world).

z The North African states all have rates of natural increase above 2.0%, increasing the stress on water sources.

POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

Page 3

ERG DESERT

ISRAEL-SYRIA BORDER

Hydraulic Civilization

  • Small-scale agriculturalists submit to a leader in order to build and maintain

    • large-scale irrigation works

    • and/or large projects to protect them from flooding, like levee systems

  • because they find these works beneficial

  • these projects require strong leaders, organized management, legitimate enforcement power

    • to engineer the projects

    • form and coordinate work groups

    • supply them with materials and food

    • ensure that everyone contributes their share of the labor

  • The projects thus create a legitimate, accepted structure of leaders and followers.

    • including legitimate means of forcing people to comply

    • for the common good, of course

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