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REGIONS OF THE REALM

THE MAGHREB AND LIBYA

AFRICAN TRANSITION ZONE

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EGYPT AND THE LOWER NILE BASIN

z CONTINUOUS CIVILIZATION > 5,000 YEARS

z 95% OF EGYPT’S 71 MILLION PEOPLE LIVE WITHIN 12 MILES OF THE NILE

z BASIN IRRIGATION

z PERENNIAL IRRIGATION - MID 1800s

z ASWAN HIGH DAM - 1968

  • INCREASED AGRICULTURAL LAND BY 50%

  • PROVIDES 40% OF ELECTRICITY

THE MAGHREB AND LIBYA

z THE MAGHREB - DOMINATED BY THE ATLAS MOUNTAINS

  • MOROCCO - LAST OF THE NORTH AFRICAN KINGDOMS

  • ALGERIA - A SECULAR REPUBLIC WITH RELIGIOUS-POLITICAL PROBLEMS

  • TUNISIA - SMALLEST AND MOST WESTERNIZED OF THE MAGHREBS

z LIBYA - OIL RICH DESERT STATE WITH A COASTAL ORIENTATION

AFRICAN TRANSITION ZONE

z SAHEL - ARABIC WORD FOR BORDER OR MARGIN

z A ZONE WHERE PEOPLE ARE ETHNICALLY AFRICAN BUT CULTURALLY ARAB

z DESERTIFICATION - PRINCIPAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM

z CULTURAL AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY

z NORTH VERSUS SOUTH - MUSLIM VERSUS NON-MUSLIM PATTERNS

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