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Iranian People

Nationality: Iranian(s). Population (2007 est.): 69 million. Population growth rate (2007): 1.07%.

Ethnic groups: Persians 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%. Religions: Shi'a Muslim 89%; Sunni Muslim 10%; Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 1%.

Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%.

Education: Literacy (total population age 15 and over who can read and write, 2007) 79.4%.

Health (2003 est.): Infant mortality rate—44.17 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth (2007)--total population: 69.35. Work force (2001): Agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% est. There is a shortage of skilled labor.  (State Department Background Notes http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm )

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